Exercises are perhaps the most common and most important method used in physiotherapy; physiotherapists use specific exercises, based on scientific knowledge and research, to target a range of different health conditions, restore bodily functions and aid healing. Exercises and specially designed stretches can be used to strengthen muscles, loosen joints, improve circulation, make breathing easier and ease pain; below are some of the health conditions which are often treated with specific physiotherapy exercises:
- Cardiovascular problems
- Respiratory problems
- Muscular and soft tissue injuries
- Back and neck pain
- Spinal injuries
Joint mobilisation is a technique, which is designed to increase the range of motion around the joints. This technique is common in patients with stiff joints and a restricted range of movement. Manipulation can also sometimes be used; this involves stretching the joint beyond its comfortable range of movement in order to reduce stiffness and gradually increase movement around the affected joint.