Colon or rectum cancer : London Health

    These forms of cancer are commonly grouped under the umbrella term of bowel cancer. Bowel cancer is the third most common type of cancer in the UK.

    Risk factors

    The exact cause of bowel cancer is unknown but research studies have consistently demonstrated a number of risk factors; these include:

    • Family history
    • Poor diet (a diet that is high in fat and cholesterol)
    • Being overweight
    • Smoking
    • Drinking regularly and excessively
    • Digestive conditions such as Crohn’s disease
    • Genetic conditions including  FAP (familial adenomatous polyposis) and HNPCC (hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer); these conditions are very rare but they have been found to contribute to bowel cancer


      Common symptoms include:

    • Changes in bowel activity (that last for a prolonged period of time)
    • Blood in faeces
    • Abnormal weight loss
    • Constipation
    • Pain in the abdomen

    Preventing bowel cancer

    It is impossible to prevent bowel cancer but there are some steps that can be taken to reduce the risk of getting bowel cancer; these include:

    • Eating a healthy diet
    • Getting plenty of exercise
    • Losing weight (if you are overweight)
    • Cutting down on drinking
    • Giving up smoking

Guide to Cancer

Cancer Intro

Bladder cancer

Breast cancer

Lung cancer

Preventing cancer

Prostate cancer

Rectum cancer

Support for cancer sufferers

Symptoms of cancer

Treating of cancer

Womb cancer